Spix’s macaw: Extinct in 2004
Image: Rüdiger Stehn
The spix’s macaw is a macaw native to Brazil that once thrived in the dry caatinga forests.
The medium-sized parrot weighed only about half a pound and had beautiful vivid plumage in various shades of blue.
Because this bird’s habitat was so restricted due to its dependance on certain trees for nesting, feeding and roosting, centuries of deforestation nearly decimated the species. The few individuals that were left were hunted and trapped, and their remaining habitat was cleared for farming and development.