Zanzibar leopard: Extinct in 1996
Image: Peter Maas
Information on this leopard is extremely limited, as only 6 skins are available for study in various museums. It was never studied in the wild.
Human encroachment was perhaps the most significant cause for the demise of the Zanzibar leopard. Further conflict with humans led to this species’ demonization and extermination, much like what is happening with many carnivore species today.
Some groups attempted to start a conservation program in the 1990s, but efforts were sidelined because wildlife experts believed that there was no hope for long-term species survival.